Upper Lachlan is located on the Southern Tablelands about 60km west of Goulburn, about 100km north of Canberra and about 130km south-east of Bathurst. It is an area that is known for its fine wool and potato production, history and picturesque countryside.
About 7,500 people live in the Shire, with about 2,000 people living in the major centre of Crookwell with the majority living in the smaller towns and villages or on properties.
Despite it's proximity to major centres, Upper Lachlan Shire is strongly rural in its character. Agricultural endeavour has been a feature of the economic and social fabric of the Shire.
There are, however, major shifts occurring in agriculture with the introduction of new farming methods and diversification of many land holdings toward new ventures such as olive growing, alpaca wool and horse studs. Furthermore, Upper Lachlan Shire is becoming a popular destination for retirees and people wishing to leave large cities for a lifestyle change. The economic base of the Shire is also changing, with tourism becoming the third major industry in the Shire, behind the traditional agricultural industries and retail.